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Cyber Security Tips for Canadian Businesses in 2022

While working remotely in Canada used to be considered a luxury, it has become a necessity due to the Coronavirus pandemic as employees worldwide practice self-isolation.

While you work remotely, you may experience new cyber security risks that may attempt to take advantage of you during these unprecedented times. Your home office security must be a top priority.

Remote working in Canada presents its own set of security risks. These tips will help you secure sensitive information and protect yourself and your business from cyber security threats.

  • Use trustworthy antivirus software

When these attacks are successful, they could leave you, your workers, and your business open to malware, ransomware, and spyware attacks.

Antivirus software takes the most difficult work off your hands by providing automatic remote working security against various threats.

In addition to completely fighting online security threats, an antivirus also automatically updates itself to remain on top of new and emerging security threats.

It runs secretly in the background of your other operations, so you’ll not even notice that it’s there.

  • Safeguard your router

Attackers seek ways to exploit passwords on home routers because most people don’t change them. This leaves the home network vulnerable to cyber-attacks.

It is simple to change the default password on your router to something difficult to guess. You’ll protect your home network from malicious actors who want access to your devices when you do this.

  • Protect sensitive information

When you need to transfer confidential files from your office to your home, keep them out of sight and under lock and key. If you don’t have a file cabinet at home, keep the files in a locked room.

  • Be cautious when creating passwords

In our digital age, we have passwords for almost everything – from banking apps to social media accounts – there are several passwords you have to manage.

Most people use the same password for all their accounts because they feel like it’s easier to remember. But doing this is an open invitation to be hacked – on all your accounts.

Some other people use passwords that are easy to guess – such as their nicknames, anniversary date, date of birth, birthdays of family members, and worst – 12345.

Your passwords are the first things that reveal your identity online. If a hacker manages to breach them, that could cause you big trouble.

There are several attacks that hackers can use to access your passwords, such as credential stuffing, brute force attacks, or hash cracking.

  • Don’t overshare your screen

As you take meetings or conferences online, be cautious when sharing your screen. If you don’t want to share a window, don’t leave it open. Someone could accidentally see it, and you’ll end up sharing something sensitive.

Although it seems awkward, it is a privacy concern. Be cautious enough to avoid oversharing content that is not meant to be seen by others.

  • Verify your accounts

This should be the top priority of every employee in Canada, particularly those that work remotely. When it comes to personal information such as your banking details, private messages, and pictures on your social media accounts, authentication can make your accounts more secure.

Almost all social media platforms and cloud storage accounts provide two-factor authentication to users. This provides an extra layer of security to your accounts. This step shouldn’t be an afterthought. Sometimes attackers can use employees as bait to reach the confidential data of an organization.

  • Back up your data

Some hackers use malware to perform ransomware attacks that could prevent businesses from accessing their systems unless they pay a ransom. Such attacks are getting more popular. According to research by IBM, those attacks have risen by 6,000 percent worldwide since 2016.

There have been more reports of ransomware attacks during the coronavirus pandemic because hackers are now targeting the IT systems of hospitals and healthcare providers.

  • Never share personal information

Phishing is similar to scams. Never share your emails, messages, or information. Also, avoid sharing images of your home workspace on social media. You might end up accidentally sharing sensitive information.

  • Always update your OS

To reduce the risk of cyber-attacks, make sure that your operating systems are up-to-date. A lot of modern devices will automatically update by default but you’ll have to restart your computer to complete the process.

  • Enable automatic locking 

Anytime you move away from your device; whether at the office, coffee shop, or home, you should lock it. We always forget to do this; this is why you should enable automatic locking to protect your devices. Ensure that you configure the time that will be most convenient for your device to lock.

Bottom Line

The internet is now a place rife with dangerous viruses, Trojans, and contacts. While developers are regularly coming up with newer ways of fighting against cyber-attacks, hackers are becoming more cunning.

Most Canadian businesses understand the importance of security measures. These cyber security tips will help you remain ahead of hackers and cyber-attackers.

Written By; 

Senkat Nden


Eknors Auto, Guelph echoes the saying that the days of little beginnings must not be despised. This Auto Company is a trailblazer of sorts for all black youths with the vision that all things are possible. Eknors Auto is a black-owned business that started small, selling one car at a time without an office; the business started as one man on the road, operating as a jobber linking buyers of used cars to auto dealers. The business progressed by words of mouth and networking with others and assisting in car purchases but from there came the vision to obtain an auto dealer license which when obtained kick-started the opportunity of a new vista.

The Visioner is Bosun Ige that upped his game, interacting and learning from them in the business, through networking with dealers and sustained hard work, and honesty, gained the confidence and support of industry practitioners, which made it possible for him to take Eknors Auto to the new height that it is today. On Saturday, April 30, the dealership opened in a grand manner with city leaders present to lend a hand to the upward-looking black business that started in a Guelph personal garage and is now in a visible business district, this is commendable.

Eknors Auto prides itself as a premium used car dealership with a huge inventory that guarantees a good ride of pre-owned cars, with supporting financing, so that it is a one-stop-shop that meets the need of customers. A good point of take-off for interested customers could be a visit to their website www.eknorsauto.ca where contacts for test rides or viewing visits can be booked. The Company director had joyfully organized a barbecue and other great refreshments on the day of their showing and wishes to welcome everyone to join in the celebration and become a customer. Being a black business that started very small, the leader is keen and willing to be a resource fellow that can build others up. NCCEEP is also proud to be associated with Eknors Auto Sales.


Money making is a possibility that originates from the mind and who will not be interested in such a thing? Almost everyone believes in saving but most people simply do not do so, having convinced themselves that it is difficult, considering their current level of income but in every human life, there are always some leakages that can be plugged that amount to a big figure when aggregated; for example, for a person that takes a cup of coffee a day, five hundred dollars ($500) will be the saving per year if that individual makes the coffee at home rather than make a purchase in a coffee shop!

Lots of people of color are in the conundrum of perpetuating poverty by not being very literate in financial matters, which if they do, the people that come after them will lead a greater quality of life through their inheritance. There are many ways to build generational wealth; an often overlooked one is life insurance that many do not invest in. It is a way to transfer wealth to the oncoming generations by making contributions for them as you journey in life.

A good number of people believe that they won’t die anytime soon, so why will they need life insurance? Some take it easy by just signing up with their employer’s group life insurance, where there may be no need for medical check-ups. Others get it free from their company; however, the company may not provide enough coverage moreover if their employment terminates, they may lose coverage and not have protection, which may translate into having difficulties in getting life insurance, particularly if they have health problems and need more coverage.


Most life insurances require a medical examination, blood test, and medical records before a policy is issued. If you have health problems, a life insurance company may deny your applications or they may charge a higher rate which is similar to how car insurance companies treat drivers with bad driving records. A lot of people are not uninsurable and may not know it, an estimated 80million Americans have one or more types of heart disease. One out of two men and one out of three women have the risk of developing cancer in their lifetime and Canadians face similar issues, with 90% of Canadians having at least one risk factor for heart disease or stroke.

So the very best time to have insurance is to do it as soon as you can. Indeed, you need to begin when young. This will be very good in many respects, the rates will be cheaper and a case of it being too late will not arise. There are circumstances when limited questions or guaranteed insurance is possible, the case may be that the premiums will be higher and are usually available only for lower coverage amounts. Imagine being able to get insurance for your house at say $500 per annum which can get you $500,000 in case of fire. Should the house burn down, and you have so much to rebuild, that definitely will be a good investment.


Most people do not understand Life insurance; even those who buy it do not necessarily understand or appreciate its importance in building and preserving wealth. As a result, many people do not have any life insurance and if they do buy it, it is usually not enough. Today there are several kinds of insurance: Car, phones, appliances, travel, etc.,  which people often take but when it comes to issues of life insurance, which is the most important insurance that covers family and children, they treat it with levity. Life Insurance does not insure your life, it ensures your family’s ability to continue on without being financially devastated.

It is critical not to see Insurance as an expense, it has to be dealt with in the mind; individuals must imagine Insurance, particularly Life insurance as some kind of “smart Savings” that is critical for the future, when well-conceived and implemented a better life can be expected for those coming behind; yet there also are insurance options that can be taken advantage of by the owner in their lifetimes, it all begins by getting information and being determined to save, as an expression of love for the loved ones around.

By Rudy Tull


The Evolution of Music in Africa and the African Diaspora

African American music, also called Black Music is an umbrella term for a diverse range of music and musical genres developed by African Americans (who were generally known as enslaved Africans). For example, today’s soul music evolved from the negro spirituals. These are soulful songs of slaves taken from Africa to the Americas to work on plantations prior to the civil war I America.

Some of the popular music genres today, such as rock and roll, country, rock, funk, jazz, blues, rhythm and blues, etc were created and influenced by Africans hence the saying “Every genre that is born from America has black roots”

While the white slave masters and owners tortured their slaves physically, mentally, and spiritually, these African slaves used music and drumming to make themselves happy thus converting their dehumanization of their owners. These black Americans were oppressed for being blacks hence some of their music portrayed their deep experiences. The music became a creative distraction from all forms of oppression.

Black American music evolved gradually when they played in the military bands after the civil war and a new style of music called ragtime came into being and gradually transited to Jazz. This had a wide range of influences on the development of music within the United States during the 20th century; the earliest jazz and blues recordings were made in the 1920’s African American musicians developed related styles such as rhythm and blues

The songs captured the hardship of slavery and the hope for freedom from enslavement, in those times, it even helped the slaves shout songs that relayed coded messages of escape from slave camps to the underground railroads and to freedom, even when the slave owners heard these songs, they never knew they were coded messages of escape

The celebrated freedom lover, Harriet Tubman (an American political activist, born into slavery) sang coded messages to her mother and other slaves in the field to make them aware she was escaping to the underground railroads, one of them is ” I’m sorry I’m going to leave you. Farewell, oh farewell: But I’ll meet you in the morning. I’m bound for the promised land, on the other side of Jordan, bound for the promised land”.

Another way enslaved people communicated messages of escape in music was through drums.

In West Africa, drums are used for communication, celebration, and other spiritual ceremonies which were also deployed by the West African people enslaved in the United States to send coded messages to other slaves across the plantations.

The making and use of drums by enslaved Americans was outlawed after the slave’s rebellion in South Carolina in 1739 because it was identified by the oppressors as a tool in communicating with other slaves when they are in any form of revolt/revolution; This was the main reasons the white slave owners banned the creation and use of drums on the plantation/fields. For a people used to rhythmic sounds, the banning of drums was challenging, they made do, though, by slapping their knees, thighs, arms, and other parts of their body to create sounds that were later to be referred to as “Pattin Juba”

The Juba dance was originally brought by Congo slaves to Charleston South Carolina. It became an African American plantation dance that was performed by slaves during their gatherings when instruments like drums were no longer allowed due to the fear of secret codes hidden in the drumming.


Africa is a highly musical continent with genres spanning from Afrobeat, Ndombolo, Rhumba, Bongo, Benga, and Kwaito to Reggae, Hip Hop and R&B. To be continued with genres of music and musical legends across Africa


Black Canadians for Cultural Educational and Economic Progress (BCCEEP) on May 1st, 2022 did a unique thing in the Black community in the BCCEEP center at 1356 Tecumseh road W, Windsor, through the instrument of its special Innovative Program for Parents; they organized a home improvement training for black men. This project is hands-on training in home renovation, where skilled Tradesmen taught these men, many of them newcomers to Canada the possibilities of saving money when they do stuff by themselves in their homes. Also designed into the session is an idea of getting them interested in making trades a direction to be retrained on so that they could begin a new profitable profession.

The workshop introduced them to the usage of hand tools which was new to some of them that had been familiar with ma manual tools, but here is a new power tool that gets things done much more easily with less strain on the body. Not only did everyone try their hands on top and get used to getting a feel of it, but they also received training on fixing the drywall, which brought joy to many that even will like to have more opportunities of the training, thinking this could be a line of business for them or even a gateway into the larger construction industry.

Over seventeen people were in the workshop in The BCCEEP Centre, Tecumseh Road; a venue that has become a friendship center where many black people come to relax and network. While the reasons to be there are often for training and learning, it is fast becoming a place of joy because of the ever-welcoming nature of the leadership there. The technical training that was held there gave hope to those not very sure of what next, that perhaps they now have a chance to come to their employer, It brought a positive outlook and has helped younger people; it is hoped that the program will be replicated in other cities of Southern Ontario.

Mansa Musa: The Richest Man of All Time [History & Net worth] 

There seems to be a ping-pong match between tech titans every few years for the title of the richest person on earth. However, Jeff Bezos or Elon Musk is not close to being the richest person of all time despite their wealth. They’re still a long way from African King Mansa Musa, who is considered the richest person of all time “richer than any description can describe.”

Who Was Mansa Musa?

Mansa means Sultan in the indigenous language of the region, the Mandinka, which Musa was born into in 1280.

He became king of Mali in 1312 and his 25-year reign saw the country expand massively to include nations such as Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Guinea, and the Ivory Coast.

How Mansa Musa Became the Richest Man in History

Musa was deputized to temporarily assume Abubakari II’s duties by the former emperor, Abubakari II. This empire was characterized by its “on-call” emperors throughout its history.

This role is similar to that of a vice president in the modern world, as the person would be expected to step in on a full-time basis if something happened to the main emperor.

In a surprising turn of events, Musa is forced to step in. The day Abubakari headed out to explore the far side of the Atlantic Ocean, he never returned.

It wasn’t as if Musa appeared out of nowhere to lead. The founder of the Mali Empire was his great-uncle, Sundiata Keita.

You can attain wealth in many ways, as many late-night infomercials will tell you. Musa made his fortune primarily by trading gold and salt, which were found in abundance in Western Africa at the time. Most of his wealth was spent on strengthening important cultural centers, such as Timbuktu.

Musa didn’t become well known outside of Africa until he ventured outside of the region he ruled, despite his massive success. In 1324, Musa, a devout Muslim, decided to do the Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca). His name soon spread throughout the world.

Pilgrimages to Mecca continue to be important parts of Islam today. It was no easy task for Musa. His empire was over 4,000 miles away. He would certainly not have been able to go alone, as he was rich and powerful.

In total, 60,000 people accompanied Musa on his pilgrimage, including servants, soldiers, and supporters.

Unlike what one might expect, Musa’s servants were not dressed in rags. The Persian silks they wore were adorned with gold staff.

Musa’s convoy of camels, horses, and people attracted the attention of the world. The caravan of Musa was not only hard to miss, but he was also giving away gold to random peasants on the street. Musa left the streets littered with gold when he passed through Cairo, Medina, and finally Mecca.

Musa sometimes left a large wake, however. Gold was given away so freely in Cairo that the economy was messed up for a time. The value of the gold plummeted.

As a result of Mansa Musa borrowing from Cairo lenders (despite the high-interest rate), the disruptions eventually settled down. Almost single-handedly, the king controlled the gold market in the Mediterranean. Cairo’s economy, however, did not fully recover from the golden touch of Mansa Musa until over a decade had passed.

The pilgrimage to Mecca would undoubtedly cement Musa’s place in history. At the time, he saw it as a way to honor his faith and to expand his kingdom. He acquired Gao in that historic journey.

Musa expanded his empire after his reign to include present-day Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Mauritania, as well as Mali.

Mansa Musa’s Net Worth

He is estimated to have a fortune worth around $400 billion today when inflation is taken into account. Despite being rich and sultan, he was much more than that.

Mansa Musa might seem similar to other wealthy people who eventually become philanthropists, like Jeff Bezos, Elon Musk, Bill Gates, or John D. Rockefeller.

Musa, all those centuries ago, accumulated half of the wealth of the world’s richest people as a king. Musa has thus been regarded as the richest person in history by many experts. Nevertheless, many are still unable to comprehend his true wealth.

Musa’s Reign

In large part, because it was so prominently displayed during the pilgrimage to Mecca, Musa’s incredible and impressive wealth was widely known throughout the region.

During his reign, he sponsored an extensive construction program in Mali, raising mosques and madrasahs, including Sankore Madrasah (the University of Sankore).

In addition to encouraging urban living, he is credited with being an integral part of the emergence of urban civilization, as more and more people moved into urban centers during his time.

During his pilgrimage, Musa also expanded his empire to include Timbuktu and Goa. During this time, with the help of Spanish and Egyptian architects, he built the Djinguereber Mosque in Timbuktu.

Musa’s empire made Timbuktu a center of trade and culture as well as an important center for Islamic scholarship. In addition to his devotion to education, he built one of the largest libraries in the world during his reign, rivaling the Library of Alexandria with roughly 1,000,000 manuscripts.

Due to Timbuktu’s reputation, trade routes to southern European cities like Venice and Genoa included the city.


Blacks and Monuments

The Stroll, a social development organization that researches developments around Kitchener runs a project of identifying objects or peoples of historical value, with the purpose of preserving them or stories about them for information and education of those that will later inherit the land. An African proverb says those that do not know where they are coming from may not know where they are going; the reason being that if pressing forward becomes impossible, at least you can go back to where you took off from; The Stroll is doing a great job of preserving stories of them that sand of time seemed to have covered up.

Recently, we went with their guides through Kitchener, Ontario in search of the footsteps of Black residents that had lived in the city more than a hundred years ago and were surprised to know that quite a several Black people lived and thrived in the area that is now considered the town center. It took hours to review the names of the streets and to link the names and buildings to persons. Some murals on the walls around Queen Street and their specific locations began to have meanings. It was like taking a DNA test that began to point in the direction of one’s ancestry.

The journey began with some acknowledgments of them that had gone ahead, beginning with the First peoples aboriginal to the land but was displaced either by deceit, purchase or frustrated to depart,  followed by the recognition of the underprivileged blacks that erk out an existence after escaping slavery from the United States,  as well as the appreciations to them of the majority that saw the value in others and supported the upward mobility and participation with full rights of black compatriots

Kitchener Ontario used to be called Berlin; the name change is a story of another day and that is why The Stroll calls their project “Black Presence in Berlin”, but black people occupied a part of Berlin called Queen’s Bush. An Epitaph in front of Log School House is erected by the City of Waterloo in recognition of one of the first schools in Kitchener, the brief History also captured the name of a black man that lived on that same property in the mid-nineteen century.

The brief History reads “The Log School House -1820- is Waterloo’s first school and one of the oldest remaining log schoolhouses in the Province of Ontario. Built in 1820, the school was originally located near the corner of King and Central Street on lands donated by Abraham Erb. By 1842, the school was too small to accommodate the number of school children, and the building was moved to an area between Waterloo and Berlin (Now Kitchener), called Greenbush where it became the residence of a former slave, Levi Caroll, and his family until 1891…”

Our trip around Kitchener town center led to the actual building and offices that used to be occupied by black businesses in the 19th century. The blacks of Kitchener made social progress; they were artisans, lawyers, musicians, and even ran for municipal offices. Great black trumpeters played in bars where they were not accepted as customers, but they put up with many of these and bore the burdens of a better life for those coming behind, to these we must show appreciation.

One lesson though, it is a good thing for black people to also build buildings and structures that can be left as landmarks for posterity. Physical things that tell their stories. The stroll help with lots of narrations to help us imagine what it was then, but how much better will it be to see preserved buildings, artifacts that can be touched in museums and spaces and rooms like those of the great men of other races that left marks in the sand of time. Monuments can be like a blast from the past that points to the future, it is important.


Throughout history, music has always been an important adjunct to ritual and drama and has been credited with the capacity to reflect and influence human emotion. Popular culture has consistently exploited these possibilities, most conspicuously today by means of radio, film, television, musical theatre, and the Internet.

Every community, tribe, and tongue has always found a way to create music. It is as important as learning how to farm or defend themselves. This brings us the question: why music is so important to us as human beings?

In every culture of the world, music is a social activity in which almost everyone  participates. Music highlights communal values and brings people together in diverse ways. Many events of importance are celebrated with music, whether it is a marriage, a birth, or a ceremonial rite of passage.

Historically, religions have often been catalysts for music. The Yoruba people of West Africa are known for their advanced drumming tradition, especially using the dundun hourglass tension drums. Yoruba folk music became perhaps the most prominent kind of West African music in AfroLatin and Caribbean musical styles; left an especially important influence on the music used in Santería practice and the music of Cuba.

The Vedas of Hinduism immensely influenced Indian classical music, while the Five Classics of Confucianism laid the basis for subsequent Chinese music. Following the rapid spread of Islam in the 6th century, Islamic music dominated Persia and the Arab World, and the Islamic Golden Age saw the presence of numerous important music  theorists.

Music was written for and by the early Christian Church properly inaugurating the Western classical music tradition, which continues into medieval music where polyphony, staff notation and nascent forms of many modern instruments developed.

In addition to religion or the lack thereof, a society’s music is influenced by all other aspects of its culture, including social and economic organization and experience, climate, and access to technology. Many cultures have coupled music with other art forms, such as the Chinese four arts and the medieval quadrivium. The emotions and ideas that music expresses, the situations in which music is played and listened to, and the attitudes toward musicians and composers all vary between regions and periods. Many cultures have or continue to distinguish between art music  (or ‘classical music’), folk music, and more recently, popular music.

10 Benefits of music in today’s world

Music can improve mood, decrease pain and anxiety, and facilitate opportunities for  emotional expression. Research suggests that music can benefit our physical and  mental health in numerous ways. Music therapy is used by our hospice and palliative care board-certified music therapist to enhance conventional treatment for a variety of illnesses and disease  processes – from anxiety, depression, and stress to the management of pain and enhancement of functioning after degenerative neurologic  disorders.

  1. Music is good for the heart: Research has shown that blood flows more easily when music is played. It can also reduce heart rate, lower blood pressure, decrease cortisol (stress hormone) levels and increase serotonin and endorphin levels in the blood.
  2. Music elevates mood: Music can boost the brain’s production of the hormone dopamine. This increased dopamine production helps relieve feelings of anxiety and depression. Music is processed directly by the amygdala, which is the part of the brain involved in mood and emotions.
  3. Music reduces stress: Research has found that listening to music can relieve stress by triggering biochemical stress reducers.
  4. Music relieves symptoms of depression: When you’re feeling down in the dumps, music can help pick you up – much like exercise.
  5. Music stimulates memories: There is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, but music therapy has been shown to relieve some of its symptoms. Music therapy can relax an agitated patient, and improve the mood and open communication in patients.
  6. Music manages pain: By reducing stress levels and providing a strong competing stimulus to the pain signals that enter the brain, music therapy can assist in pain management.
  7. Music eases pain. Music can meaningfully reduce the perceived intensity of pain, especially in geriatric care, intensive care, or palliative medicine.
  8. Music helps with weight loss: Playing soft music in the background (and dimming the lights) during a meal can help people slow down while eating and ultimately consume less food in one sitting.
  9. Music increases workout endurance: Listening to those top workout tracks can boost physical performance and increased endurance during a tough exercise session.
  10. Music connects us to the spiritual: Most times, music is used as a connection to the spiritual world. Every single religion in the world used music as a way to reach the world. People have also used music individually to reach their deity or creator in situations of emotional stress or helplessness.

Written By Babarinde Williams

War is personal

Unlike wars that were read of in recorded history that may be found fascinating, modern wars cannot be viewed as such, certainly not as mere push and pull of crazy peoples that could be waved off but as serious events with costs to individuals that are serious and very personal. The world is watching with horror, how lives and livelihoods are being wasted in the war between Russia and Ukraine but not as mere onlookers but also as joint losers, although of much smaller things yet there is a cost to almost everyone at a personal level.

Losses of lives are horrendous and the pains in the hearts of soldiers, their families, and individual combatants are grave but other kinds of losses exist and quite often, individuals will measure the impact of any conflict according to the extent of disruptions to them personally. There will be those that will bear the consequences of this war for a long time, despite not being at the war front. From the aged people abandoned in homes while other able-bodied people fled to a planned wedding that simply did not hold; not that it was called off, everyone is just on the run because survival is the pressing matter of the moment.

The reverberation of the war is felt worldwide in disrupted lives and distorted supply-chain because truly, the world is. Oil and gas prices went up with everyone paying more as the reserves were running low in many nations, but the impact on individual pockets is beyond that since energy is a major direct input into many manufacturing plants, costs of goods and services go up accordingly in many countries, despite not being anywhere near the theater of war,

No country is an island to itself anymore because a finished product in one country could be a raw material in another. Farm produce like wheat, where Ukraine excelled, but is currently not able to be processed and bagged will lead to a higher cost of bread in Africa; just as many needed goods will be stopped from entering Russia and many good things will never be sent to Ukraine because it is a war zone.

Great Russian citizens abroad, athletes, and businesspeople will become Pariahs on many streets of the world. The proud flags of Russia and its beautiful people will hide their nationality for a while because this is a time when to be a Russian is to be considered a villain. In this season that Russia is considered the aggressor, their nationals living elsewhere can expect to lose businesses, be ejected from their homes, be beaten, or even experience worse.

In the war zone, the costs to international students, businesspeople, and locals caught in the unwholesome situations will stagger as they will suddenly find themselves as refugees, exposed to dangers and exploitations. The cases of missing family members will be rampant as people flee in all directions, seeking shelter from raids and bombs. The breakdown of law and order will break fragile spirits, transforming otherwise good people into monsters

Weakness, sudden death from lack of sanitation, medications, and inability to access medical help will lead to death in addition to people with terminal cases and other ailments that are heavily medicated and monitored, wars make these simple things impossible, imposing another kind of costs to such persons. While for many people, the war between Ukraine and Russia is one of bombs and bullets, for others it is the losses of loved ones to heart failures, exposure, and truncated dreams. What had caused many sorrows also included a truncated future and a safe people converted to begging refugees suddenly, wars impose personal costs, and it is not a distant story but the problem for all here and now.



Continental Africa, like many other, continents, is endowed with the conduit of wisdom and knowledge. However, due to the pervasive stereotypical mind of some people, such wisdom and knowledge have bypassed them, and they obstinately and ignorantly miss out on the richness of that second largest continent in the world.

African traditional Religion is called animism which is the attribution of spirituality or some extra ability to inanimate objects. African tradition believes that a supernatural capability exists to activate objects and that the material universe is actually primed by invisible forces to its present state of harmony. Disharmony therefore can only be caused by the restless gods that needed to be spoken to with words of order of nature at rest. Most African proverbs are sourced from the Niger-Congo tribal groups and some more from the Nilo-Saharan tribes which suggest that the greater an area where African traditional practices exist, the proverbs are more common.

Many proverbs of Africa appear to be good observations that can be incontrovertible rules that are only safe to toe the line. It is akin to laws of science like gravity; there is no sense in anyone doing anything in defiance of the law of gravity or floatation. Proverbs are akin to simple things like do not seek to cross large rivers by foot, you are not a fish; clearly, no one needs to argue with such, but many African proverbs are not just mere words, but laws of nature with the capacity to activate spirit being lying low in nature when the right combinations of them are spoken, just as the right arrangements of wires and magnets will generate electricity. So African proverbs are valuable guides to living and interpersonal relationships.

Africa and her people, (and that term includes the Diaspora ) are rich in wise sayings, and proverbial expressions, which are all offspring of Philosophy. The Africans are well versed in philosophy, and they are quick and steady in the way they communicate in proverbs. They believe in the mathematical saying that “The shortest distance between two points is a straight line” Proverb seems to be the shortest distance from point A to point B at any given discussion. A typical example of this is found among the Yoruba ethnic group of Nigeria which says, ” Bi Oluwa ba pani lori, a fi irungbon di”, which means, “If God makes a person bald, He substitutes it with beard”. This simply means, If you lost something here, you also gained another there”

The expression of proverbs is also demonstrated among the Yoruba in the mediatorial role. The proverb that says , “O-gb-ejo-nikan-da, agba osika; elejo akoko rojo, o binu, o so opa nu; igbati enikeji ba ro ti e, o ku ohun ti yo fi da a”; that means, “The listener to one party’s case to judge, is a wicked elder. The first party presented their case and he(the elder) got angry to the point of throwing away the staff; when the second party presents their case, what will he (the elder)  use to render the verdict? ” With this in mind, the African philosophy epitomizes their ways of life wherever the Africans are found.

Philosophy also plays an important role in everyday human behavior. This is well spelled out by another Yoruba proverb that says, “Eni ba mo ise okunkun, ko ma se da osupa loro”. This means, “The person that is familiar with the deeds of the darkness, should not torture the moon”. The proverb addresses the aspect of actions in relation to consequences. The proverb sounds like a guiding warning to any person that wants to act, to think deeply and reflectively about what the outcome of their action might be.

In conclusion, African philosophy, as variously and numerously promoted through proverbs, is hardly separable from the African and the diaspora ways of life.